There has been a general shift from concerns with safety to concerns of security (focused on dangers arising from the illegal actions of others), a process that has intensified since 9/11 leading to what has been termed a ‘securitization’ of emergency response. The right to Security is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights but in practice is challenging to balance it with other human rights such Privacy or Freedom of Expression.
It entails the creation of systems that outline who has responsibility for monitoring threats as failure, hacking, and infection. Other risks are related to information leaks or business models that do not address diversity of cross-border interoperability. These threats, both technological and social, need to be clearly defined and re-evaluated regularly.
- Security needs to balance the right to privacy, civil liberties
- Be transparent about your security practices
Be aware of security practices discriminating against marginalised or less visible communities
Birkland, T. A. (2009). Disasters, Catastrophes, and Policy Failure in the Homeland Security Era 1. Review of Policy Research, 26(4), 423–438 [DOI] [Link]
Büscher, M., Perng, S.-Y., and Liegl, M. (2015). Privacy, Security, Liberty: ICT in Crises. International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (IJISCRAM),6(4): 76-92. [DOI]
Dratwa, J. (Ed.). (2014). Ethics of Security and Surveillance Technologies (Opinion no, pp. 1–165). Brussels: European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies to the European Commission. [Link]
Petersen, K. et al. (2015) ELSI guidelines for collaborative design and database of representative emergency and disaster. SecInCoRe EU Deliverable D2.02. [Link]
Rauhofer, J. (2006). Just because you’re paranoid, doesn’t mean they’re not after you: Legislative developments in relation to the mandatory retention of communications data in the European Union. SCRIPTed, 3(4), 322–343. [DOI] [Link]